Eileen and Larry Kugler volunteer
in A.V. Bukani Primary School
in rural South Africa to improve literacy through professional development for the teachers and family engagement programs. Their daughter Sara has joined them on several trips. In 2010 they created a school library of 23,000 books which impacts the entire community. They returned in 2015 for their 5th trip. Contributions through the Kugler Education Fund at South Africa Partners support this wonderful school and community.
It’s the end of our second week here – two-thirds of our
visit is over. This is the point we always say that next year we’ll come for
six weeks or maybe two months. But we get home, and we only seem to be able to
carve out three weeks from our lives. But then again, maybe next year…
It’s always gratifying to be reminded of the lessons we
learn from the incredible people here.
Mrs. Nyati, a grandmother who always teaches us about perseverance and hard
work, doesn’t disappoint. This year, her
English skills are impressive. Eileen asked her if she was taking English
classes. “No, I don’t take classes,” she
said. “So how did you learn?” Eileen asked. “Well, I like to read the paper,
and I watch television shows in English.” Mrs. Nyati repeated her request for
an English-Xhosa dictionary, something we finally found on the weekend. When
Eileen gave it to her on Monday, Mrs. Nyati is speechless, leafing through the
pages as if they were written with gold leaf. “Now I will be a professional,”
she says. Over the following days, she has reported that she reads it every
night. “It is such a wonderful book,” she says.
In many ways, this has been our most productive trip. There
have been no major interruptions, such as teacher strikes or public
holidays. We are working with the
teachers all day, every day.
And yet, for every thing we do, we see 10 more we’d like to
do. Larry has been working with the teachers in Grades 2, 3 and 4 on techniques
for improving comprehension by helping students retell the stories they are
reading. He’d like to show all the teachers other techniques, such as how to
use the students’ work to create spelling lessons and how to extend the
comprehension techniques, but he needs to focus on reinforcing the important technique
he’s teaching. Some of the teachers are very eager to learn everything they
possibly can, so Larry has been teaching them some of the other techniques. At
the final professional development session, he will ask some of the teachers to
share their particular strengths, of which there are many, with the charge that
they share it with their colleagues. We look forward to reports during the year
about how this collaborative approach is going. We do think the faculty is ready for this.
GRADE 1 curriculum
Eileen has been going into the Grade 1 and Grade R (K)
classrooms and doing read-alouds and singing, sometimes with the older students
as well. The children love “Are You My Mother?” by P.D. Eastman, about a baby
bird who hatches while his mother is away getting food and he goes out to find
his mother. One of the Grade 1 teachers
showed Eileen that part of their curriculum involves matching baby animals to
their mothers, so the book is relevant on many levels.
The teachers of early
grades are eager to be included in the professional development, so this year,
Larry provided workshops on reading Big Books. We’d love to find good Big Books
in Xhosa for the younger readers and more in English for Grade 1 where they are
now beginning to teach English.
We found a book with the words for “She’ll be Coming Around
the Mountain When She Comes,” a song Larry sang with hand motions with the
teachers and older students when we were here last. The younger students love it as much as the
older students, and greet us in the street with “Toot! Toot!”, the opening hand
motion. We’re getting a kick out of the fact that an entire school on the tip
of Africa loves singing an old American folksong – as much as we love hearing
them sing songs in Xhosa during the morning opening . Interculturalism at work.
During the lunch break, the teachers began singing some of
the songs Larry taught with his guitar two years ago – “He’s Got the Whole
World in His Hands,” “There’s a Hole in the Bottom of the Sea.” There hasn’t
been much time for singing with the guitar this year because of our other work,
but clearly the teachers (and students) miss it.
Keeping Progress in Mind
We try very hard to keep our blinders on, so we focus on the
needs of this school in this community without thinking of all the other needs
around us. Even with that, sometimes we are overwhelmed by the incredible needs
and the obstacles the students face -- particularly as they are about to take
exams that will be compared to students from schools that are well financed
with parents’ money and who are taking the exams in their mother tongue.
The school system is built to be unequal. Each school
requires parents to pay fees, set by the parents in that school. In poor
communities like ours, these fees are waived, so poor schools must subsist on
the barebones budget provided by the district education office. In our
township, if you’ve got the money to pay the fees and to pay for
transportation, you can send your child to another school a few miles away, but
few in this township can afford that.
Paul, our volunteer coordinator from Calabash Trust in Port Elizabeth,
was telling us that his three girls go to a school where parents pay about $100
per child each month and there are 1000 children in the school. So the school
abounds with resource teachers and extra programs. We wonder how the enormous inequities will
ever be overcome.
Yet we have to refocus and remember how far this school has
come over the past 5 years. The teachers have worked hard to implement the new
strategies that we and other volunteers have shared, along with training on new
materials and curriculum from the education department. Many work hard to
update their skills, taking courses and attending workshops.
There are far more resources available to the students and
the teachers over the past few years. The computer lab, once dusty and
forgotten, now has up-to-date computers with curriculum-related software and
even some with internet access. Teachers
work with their students in the lab on a regular basis. There is a quality printer connected to the
computers through a network. We are
simply amazed at how far this computer lab has come.
The impact of computers is felt throughout the area. Principal Thambo reports there are a record
numbers of students in Grades 1 and R.
“This is because parents have heard about our computer studies,” he says.
Other schools in the area are not seeing growth in numbers like this. In fact,
the education district thought Mr. Thambo was inflating his numbers to get
additional funds. “I told them to come here and count the children. They are
here. This is real,” he told me.
There are other resources – many purchased through the
generosity of regular readers of this blog. Five years ago, there was one
copier which rarely worked. Today there are two excellent copiers working all
the time. Can a school function without a copier? Of course. But it certainly
helps the teachers and administrators get things done efficiently. And, equally
important, it shows the faculty that their time is valued.
Families Volunteering the Library
Principal Thambo asked Eileen to facilitate a meeting with
families, and she eagerly agreed. It has been challenging to get parents to
volunteer in the school, and there is a new group of parents who had never
taken part in the earlier parent meetings while Eileen was here last.
At the meeting, there was a dialogue on the importance of
parents and teachers being partners in the children’s education, with everyone
giving what they can. Unfortunately,
there are many high school graduates in the township who cannot get a job. But
what they can do is read to the younger children in the afternoons. In that
way, they can gain self-esteem and use their time productively, while improving
the education of all the children. One of our hopes for the future is to
identify a parent who can coordinate parent involvement in the community. It is
always hard in just 3 short weeks.
Eileen asked for volunteers to help organize and inventory
the library. Some of the boxes of books that were shipped were donated to the
municipal library and some of the more difficult ones were donated to the
middle school and high school. Mr. Thambo has been asked by his superiors to
determine exactly what books are in the library.
The following morning, several parents came to help. They
enjoyed taking the books off the shelves and checking them against the master
list, looking through the books and reinforcing their own English as they went.
The process had value far beyond checking off book titles. The parents couldn’t
wait to take books home and share them with their children. These parents were given
permission to do that, but unfortunately there is no system for taking out
books beyond the classrooms.
Increasing use of the library
One of our goals for the future is determining how to
increase utilization of the library. Even the classrooms are not yet taking
full advantage of the library. Grade 1 and R teachers want books in their
classrooms, but as yet that hasn’t happened. The teachers in Grades 2, 3 and 4
have boxes of books in their class for students to take home at night, but they
don’t visit the library to change out the books. Even more important, we don’t
see many books going home regularly. The teachers tell us there are other
priorities and that parents don’t read the books with the children. Part of the
issue is that the students need help identifying books that they can read
themselves, and Larry is working with the teachers on this.
A key challenge in this school, and others like it, is there
is no funding for non-teaching staff. This seems to be an issue only in this
province’s education district, and there is hope that this will change now that
the national government has taken control of this failing education
district. In the meantime, every time a
new responsibility is added, it falls on the principal or the teachers. While
there is a library committee, they have challenges to overcome. Part of the
issue is that books have never been a part of the culture of the school or the
township. Another part is the desire to keep the books in good condition – in
other words, to protect them from destruction by not using them. We’re working
Learning to enjoy the natural resources
While we have enjoyed staying at Rosedale B&B, we miss
seeing our friends in the township every day, particularly our former host
family, the Mofus. The owners of Rosedale, Keith and Nomdumiso, are friends of
the Mofus and they invited them over for a brai on Thursday. We had a wonderful
A brai is far more than a bar-be-que. It involves sitting
around the firepit as the wood fire is built, waiting for the coals to get hot,
cooking over the coals, and then enjoying the fire for hours afterwards. In the
cool weather, you enjoy the warmth of the fire. In the hot weather, the smoke
keeps the bugs away. It’s an entire evening of sitting out under the stars,
bundled up if you need to be. Compare that to an American bar-be-que where we try to light charcoal
as quickly as possible, pouring on chemicals to speed the process; then we cook
the food and retreat inside if the weather isn’t perfect. Sitting around the
campfire in cool weather is reserved for a camping trip.
The enjoyment of the outdoors no matter what the season is
one of the many lessons we learn on our visits here. We are always struck with
how wasteful we are at home. Here, cups and plates are washed, not thrown away,
even with a large crowd. We are very aware of the limited resources around us.
We begin to guard small bits of plastic wrap, keep our paper napkins for future
use (there are none at school) and view a plastic bag as a treasure. Yes, we
have been washing out our small plastic bags for sandwiches!
A weekend trip to the beautiful “Valley of Desolation”
We always talk about traveling a bit on the weekends, but by
the time Friday rolls around, we typically are exhausted and need to spend our
awake time finding resources for the next week. Having the library at the
school has made a huge difference. There are books geared to teachers as well
as students that we can use in our professional development. Plus, this year,
we are on the same wavelength with the teachers and planning was much easier.
So we decided to spend a weekend in Graaff-Reinet, a tourist
town about 3 hours north of Port Elizabeth, surrounded by the Camdeboo National Park. On Saturday, we hiked around the park on a
beautiful trail with spectacular views above the Valley of Desolation. It has
the feel of the desert southwest of the U.S., but with springbok (like small
deer), kudu, and ostriches running about. We get a true appreciation of wide
African skies, with views of mountain range after mountain range in the
We stayed in a lovely B&B and enjoyed the local food.
The only downside was reading a book about the area that was in the B&B library.
Although published in 2008, you would have thought it was written under
Apartheid. The entire history was presented from the view of white Dutch
settlers, with the Xhosa tribe that lived in the area viewed as a problem for
the settlers without any recognition of their stake in the area. There was an
entire chapter on angora wool, a mainstay of trade for the whites; yet there
was no chapter on slavery, prevalent in that area. (Yes, it bore a striking
resemblance to books on American history from a generation ago.) I was told
that Graaff-Reinet is one of those communities that still hasn’t accepted that
life is different these days.
Well, that wasn’t the only downside. We picked up a 24-hour
bug there which made the 3-hour drive home a bit dicey. But Larry’s didn’t hit
until after we were back in Port Elizabeth, so we were OK. We slept most of the
rest of the day. On to week three.